In Vajrayana Buddhism, Akshobhya (Sanskrit: अक्षोभ्य, Akṣobhya, "Immovable One"; simplified Chinese: 阿閦如来; pinyin: Āchùrúlái; Japanese:阿閦如来) is one of the Five Wisdom Buddhas, a product of the Adibuddha, who represents Consciousness as an aspect of reality.
By convention he is located in the east of the Diamond Realm and is the Lord of the Eastern Pure land Abhirati ('The Joyous'), although the Pure land of Akshobhya's western counterpart Amitābha is far better known.
Prior to the advent of Bhaisajyaguru (jap. Yakushi Nyorai), Akshobhya was the subject of a minor cult in Japan as a Healing Buddha, though even now both are found within the Shingon school of Buddhism in Japan.
Preliminary dating through palaeography suggests a late 1st century to early 2nd century AD provenance.
More conclusive radiocarbon dating is under way. A preliminary report on these texts has been issued by Dr Ingo Strauch, with a forthcoming paper on Akshobhya texts expected soon.
Even if the surface of the ocean is blown into crashing waves, the depths remain undisturbed, imperturbable.
It carves through solid rock, but calmly, without violence. When frozen, it is hard, sharp, and clear like the intellect, but to reach its full potential, it must also be fluid and adaptable like a flowing river.
Akshobhya (S): Tibetan: Mi-kyö-pa. "Unshakeable One." Lord of the Vajra Family, one of the Five Dhyani Buddhas, or heads of the Five Buddha Families, representing the fully purified Skandha, or Aggregates of Form.
In the Natural Liberation, he represents the Wisdom-mirror and the transmutation of the poison of aggression and hatred. Akshobhya is blue, and is associated with the east and the ground - Abhirati Buddha.
According to the Land of Akshobhya Buddha Sutra, Akshobhya Buddha carried out his bodhisattva practice under the Buddha Large Eyes and attained enlightenment, completely freeing himself from all animosity and earthly desires, and now preaches in the Land of Joy.
According to the "Parable of the Phantom City" (seventh) chapter of the Lotus Sutra, Wisdom Accumulated, the first of the sixteen sons of Great Universal Wisdom Excellence Buddha, following his father, practiced the Lotus Sutra and attained enlightenment as Akshobhya Buddha.
The Nirvana Sutra describes King Possessor of Virtue and the monk Realization of Virtue as having been born together in the land of Akshobhya Buddha. Akshobhya Buddha, who is said to dwell in the east, appears in many Mahayana sutras along with Amida Buddha of the west.
In Sanskrit, “Immovable” or “Imperturbable”; the name given to the buddha of the East because he is imperturbable in following his vow to proceed to buddhahood, particularly through mastering the practice of morality (Śīla).
There are references to Akṣobhya in the Prajñāpāramitā sūtras and the Saddharmapuṇḍarīkasūtra (“Lotus Sūtra”), suggesting that his cult dates back to the first or second century of the Common Era, and that he was popular in India and Java as well as in the Himālayan regions.
Although his cult was subsequently introduced into Japan, he never became as popular in East Asia as the buddhas Amitābha or Vairocana, and images of Akṣobhya are largely confined to Maṇḍalas and other depictions of the pañcatathāgata.
Furthermore, because Akṣobhya’s buddha-field (Buddhakṣetra) or Pure Land of Abhirati is located in the East, he is sometimes replaced in maṇḍalas by Bhaiṣajyaguru, who also resides in that same direction.
With this wisdom, we see things just as they are, impartially and unaffectedly.
Indeed, whether it be a red rose or a bloody dagger, a mirror will reflect both just as they are. It will not be judgmental and distinguish between the two reds, attempting to hold to the first and flee from the second.
Accordingly he challenged Buddha to prove his claim to the seat.
More relevant to our interest here is the fact that this gesture suggests confidence, deep rootedness, and the same kind of determination which carried the Buddha to his enlightenment, inspite of the numerous hurdles which crossed his path.
It is the direction where dawn takes place.
In Vajrayana Buddhism, Akshobhya (Sanskrit for "Immovable One") (Japanese for Ashuku nyorai; Chinese achurulai; Mongolian for Kodelusi ugei) is one of the Five Wisdom Buddhas, a product of the Adibuddha, who represents consciousness as an aspect of reality.
By convention he is located in the east of the Diamond Realm and is the lord of the Eastern Pure Land Abhirati (The Joyous), although the Pure Land of Akshobhyas western counterpart Amitabha is far better known.
Preliminary dating through paleography suggests a late first century to early second century AD provenance. More conclusive radiocarbon dating is underway.
A complete analysis and report of the text is expected in late 2008.
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