道隆 (1213–1278) ( Jpn; Chin Tao-lung)
Also known as Rankei (Lan-ch'i) or Rankei Doryu (Lan-ch'i Tao-lung).
A priest of the Lin-chi ( Jpn Rinzai) school of Zen in China who became a prominent teacher of that school in Japan. Doryuis the Japanese reading of his Chinese name.
Born in Lan-ch'i, China, he entered the priesthood in 1225 and studied the Zen (Ch'an) teachings. In 1246 he went to Japan, accompanied by several of his disciples.
The next year, he arrived in Kyoto and lived there at Sennyu-ji temple. He later went to Kamakura and lived at the temples Jufuku-ji and Joraku-ji.
When HojoTokiyori, the regent of the Kamakura shogunate, built Kencho-ji temple in Kamakura in 1253, Doryuwas invited to become its first chief priest.
There he propagated the Zen teachings for thirteen years.
Later he moved to Kennin-ji temple in Kyoto, but returned to Kamakura and lived at Kencho-ji.
Because of a disciple's calumny, he was twice exiled to Kai Province, but was pardoned and returned to Kencho-ji, where he died of illness.
The Japanese imperial court gave him the posthumous title the Meditation Master Daigaku (Great Awakening).