Its foundation is attributed to Naropa (956-1041 CE), who was a celebrated Indian Buddhist yogi, mystic and Monk from the renowned Vikramshila University in Bihar. He is said to have meditated in one of the two Caves around which the gompa is built and the Monastery is dedicated to him. His footprint can be seen in the rock near the entrance to the lower cave. The gompa contains images and thankas of famous Drukpa lamas. Zhadpa Dorje, a famous painter and scholar created some of the frescoes on the cave walls almost 300 years ago.
Impressions of Naropa's ceremonial dagger and Staff are also said to be in the rocks in his Meditation cave which attracts many pilgrims. Until about the 1960s there were some 20 resident Monks, but the numbers have dropped sharply in more recent Times.
Dzongkhul is in a south-western side valley of the Bardur River. It is built directly on a rock wall with two Caves behind. In front are about 10 stone houses which tend to blend in with the surrounding rocks from a distance. About 10 minutes' walk from the gompa is a high viewing spot similar to the one at Hemis Monastery with a beautiful view from the terrace.