Knife Culture of the Tibetan Race
EDITOR'S NOTE: Knives are indispensable to the Tibetan race in daily life. All Tibetans, male and female, carry knives. Indeed, knives have become a kind of decoration loved by boys and girls. Sheaths are also made to command high appreciation and value.
When the place was under the rule of Norsanyirangchami, the third ruler, the locals were able to make rope traps and spears; When the place was under the rule of Magyiala, the fourth ruler, the locals could make daggers and other weapons;
The eldest made a knife sharp enough to cut a rope ladder leading up to the heaven. His eight brothers all made knives with sharp blades as well. One of the Gus knives was the Guda knife, made by the legendary master of the nine brothers together with his offspring.
The knives I have seen include:
short waist knives,
long waist knives,
nail cutting knives,
white handle knives,
celestial burial knives,
Gorga knives and
All Tibetans know the sayings: "Flexible as tools used by blacksmiths," and "Hammers, pliers and bellows are indispensable for blacksmiths." Other tools used by blacksmiths include files, awls, molds and welders.
When dried again, they are coated with a mixture of medicinal soda ash, boron, sugar, blood from deceased humans, antelope blood, animal horn paste, dirt and salt. Then, they are re-forged and dipped into snow water. Knives cast in this way are sharp enough to cut iron as if it were mud.
Everyone knows what role knives play in daily life. In Tibet, however, knives have many roles: l Tools for daily life. Given natural conditions unique to Tibet, Tibetans eat meat, butter and zanba (roasted highland barley).
To eat meat, they need knives. In some places, knives serve as plows and the locals still rely on the slash-and-burn method. l Weapons. In 1904, when the British invaded Tibet, Tibetan soldiers fought with primitive rifles and long-handle waist knives.
Knife sheaths are made of animal hides, bull horns, metal or wood and are adorned with the "Eight auspicious patterns" in gold, silver, copper and iron wire, swastikas, the auspicious pattern of dragon and phoenix, or are inlaid with corals, agates, peals and jade.
Before Gus and Gyirab knives were produced, King Gesar, the longest epic in the world, already had segments praising Tibetan knives. For example, the Battle Between the Hor and Ling States, part of the epic, lauds the knives in this way:
Called "Sharp Stars," Such knives were forged out of iron and copper pieces, Which were heated and dipped in the cold blood of crocodiles. Where the Han people live, These knives are called "Demon Suppressers."
When they are used by maids, They are called "1,000 Cakes Makers." When they are brought to the Ling State, They are respectably mentioned as "Yasgarchon."
And the tassel adorning the knife handle is like a hoop used to tame fierce cows. The knife's hand guard impresses people like the weak conquering the strong.
The back of the knife sheath is like six tribes meeting for peace talks. The knife ridge is like heavy snow over mountain valleys.
In the face of a fierce natural environment with wild animals, the ancestors of the Tibetan race learned to make stone weapons, and later added blades. Many stone chips and stone knives were excavated from the ancient ruins in Qamdo and Lhasa.
Tibetan knives even found their way into historical records, including the Concise History of the Bon Religion: Yaksha reigned at night in the beginning, In an area named Sangyu Gyainman Then with bows, arrows and other weapons.
When ruled by Radegoryador later, The place was called Doryukarurongge, Where axes and knives appeared. When ruled by Norsanyirangchami,
When Mogyiakegyi ruled the place, There appeared chains and other weapons. When Demon the 6th Zhamgyia ruled the place, Thrown stones were used as weapons. When the 7th of the nine Masang brothers ruled the place, The place was renamed Bokanangcho, And swords and shields appeared.