Also known as Kakumyo. A priest of the Japanese Pure Land ( Jodo) school and founder of that school's Kuhon-ji branch. Born in Sanuki Province, he became a disciple of the school's founder, Honen, at age nineteen. After Honen's death, he became a disciple of Shoku, the founder of the Seizan branch of the Pure Land school. He furthered his studies, learning the meditation of the Tendai school from Shunjo and Zen doctrines from Dogen. Later he lived at Kuhon-ji temple in Kyoto and maintained that, in addition to the Nembutsu, or chanting of Amida Buddha's name, other practices could help one achieve rebirth in the Pure Land. As a result, he departed from Honen's doctrine that only the Nembutsu enables one to be reborn in Amida's paradise, and that all the other practices should be abandoned. He wrote The Doctrine of the Original Vow in the Nembutsu. Kakushin and Rien were his disciples.